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What Is Love Addiction?
Obsessive Love and Intimacy Disorder


By Jim Hall, MS, Love Addiction Recovery Specialist


 

Can you be addicted to a person?

Many studies have been conducted to explore the relationship between thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and brain chemistry.

And evidence now suggests that not only can individuals become addicted to mood-altering substances, but some people can also become addicted to non-substance, mood-altering activities and behaviors as well --- including love.


 

Falling in love can be the most wonderful of all emotions-- creating a sense of euphoria, loss of time, and a powerful motivation to bond with a partner. 

Love is a beautiful thing.

However, when love turns to addiction –- it could veer out of control and enter the realm of pathology.

Love addiction is an addiction to one particular person, carried out by obsessive, compulsive, and maladaptive behaviors-- used to fill an internal void and provide a sense of meaning and purpose. Love addiction is an intimacy disorder as it significantly diminishes the capacity to experience healthy relational intimacy and often severely impacts emotional health and well-being.

Where other addicts may worship or obsess about their drug of choices, such as alcohol, heroin, gambling, or sex— for love addicts, it is the one person in a romantic relationship who is worshipped or obsessed upon.

People first learning of love addiction may often think “How could love addiction be real-- how can someone be addicted to something that is seemingly good, love?

Most of us know of other types of addictions—alcoholism, drug addiction, gambling addiction ---- but Love Addiction? There is no doubt it can seem an unfathomable notion that the gifts of love and romance can evolve into a compulsive psychological dependence with destructive consequences.

Nonetheless, research is showing remarkable parallels between the naturally rewarding phenomena associated with love with that of addictive drugs such as alcohol, heroin, or cocaine--- and findings suggest that 'love' can indeed (for some) become a pathological dependency that causes havoc in peoples lives.

"When you're in the throes of romantic love it's overwhelming, you're out of control, you're irrational, you're going to the gym at 6 a.m. every day -- why? said Dr. Helen Fisher, PhD, an anthropologist at Rutgers University and the co-author of a study on the brain and romantic love. "And when rejected, some people contemplate stalking, homicide, suicide.

This drive for romantic love can be stronger than the will to live." Passionate romantic love is associated with many traits linked with all addictions and has led a number of researchers and psychologists to conclude that romantic love can become an addiction.



Common signs and characteristics of love addiction include: 



• Enmeshment/engulfment/smothering 
• Fear of abandonment mixed with fear too much intimacy and closeness
• Perceives romantic love as a basic necessity (like oxygen) 
• Perceives drama and intensity as normal 
• Confuses obsession, drama, and intensity with intimacy 
• Sense of worthlessness/emptiness without a relationship partner 
• Difficulty accepting responsibility 
• Irrational beliefs about relationships 


Having love addiction comes with inevitable negative consequences.


The negative consequences of love addiction can vary.


Depending on the level or extreme of one’s love addiction, negative consequences can range from violence (to others or self) to increased feelings of shame, depression, impaired emotional growth, chronic emptiness, loneliness, loss of intimacy and enjoyment in life. 
In the extreme- love addiction certainly causes more murders and suicides than any other addiction. 

 

Love addicted relationships negatively affect both partners. They are full of toxic 'push-pull' relationship patterns, love-hate dynamics, drama, and intensity, where intensity and obsession are mistaken for intimacy and connection. Denial, fantasy, and impaired expectations fuel these dysfunctional relationships.

By definition, addiction or dependence is a recurring compulsion by an individual to engage in some specific behavior or activity, despite harmful consequences to the individuals' health, mental state, or social life.

People fall into many categories of addictions (alcohol, drugs, sex, gambling, etc.) -- love addiction is one of the categories- and is a big one! And is much more common than many people realize.

Most people know about addictions to substance’s like alcohol and drugs, but not many people understand that love addiction is just as real and just as destructive-- and often more painful, as other addictions.

Because this addiction is not well understood by most helping professionals, it often goes untreated for the countless individuals suffering.

 

In the addiction to so-called "love", lays a toxic, obsessive, and unhealthy dependency on another person. 

 

Love Addicts can become overly dependent and reliant to any person- a friend, parent, acquaintance, coworker, child, celebrities- just so long as the person/object helps to provide an emotional escape from reality--  just as alcohol, cocaine, or any other addiction would for an addict.

Most commonly- love addiction occurs in interpersonal or romantic love relationships.

The intense dependency on romantic a partner results in unhealthy behaviors, compulsion, and obsessions.

If a love addict had any sense of purpose and self-worth before becoming 'hooked', it dissolves once his or her obsession kicks in (the object- drug of choice) -- which allows the love addict to feel alive; gain a sense of purpose; gain a sense of value; and help to increase a sense of self worth.

 

 

Like a heroin addict, love addicts abandon themselves as all their energy becomes preoccupied with their drug of choice; a fabricated love relationship.

 

Dispelling the falsehood that one actually becomes addicted to love, the truth is love addiction is not an addiction to real love. While a love addict may look as if they are pursuing real love, they are in fact running away from real intimacy.

To the love-addicted, this truth can be quite astonishing.

Why is this?

Because a love addict often believes real love is actually happening in their addictive relationship-- it appears (or feels) to have some level of intimacy, but in fact, addictive relationships have very little if any, love and intimacy going on.

Truth is... real love is never addictive-- and addiction, is never love.

 

Love addiction is a compulsive, obsessive, and dysfunctional dependency on a person in a relationship.

 

The addiction to love is, in reality, an addiction to a fantasy of another person in the relationship. The fantasy feeds the obsession and powerful denial of the other person- and creating the illusion of true love, intimacy, and closeness.

Healthy love, which shows up in healthy attached relationships, have characteristic's of genuine intimacy (emotional and physical), honesty, flexibility, trust, respect, safety, and authentic commitment- just to name a few.

In all addictions, there are warning signs- and all addicts deny or severely minimize these warning signs.

In their addiction, love addicts ignore and deny warning signs of their partner, (Love Avoidant, who is also unhealthy) in order to keep up the addictive pleasure-inducing rewards (pleasure inducing rewards are brought about by the reward center of the brain that enhances certain brain chemicals, such as dopamine and endorphin). 

The romantic "high" when a relationship begins, is created by the love addicts delusion and fabrication they "make-up" about who their partner is and ignore who their partner really is-- this is what they become addicted to- their drug of choice.

In the love addicts delusion of love- their partner or potential partner becomes-  "too good to be true"- their "Prince or Princess"- "the one I always dreamed about"- "soul mates"- "magical"- "perfect".

In their deep infatuation, the love addict never notices who their partner truly is.

 

Love addiction is an addiction to a pseudo love / false love -- in essence, the addiction is to a FANTASY. YES, IT'S TRUE.

 

A Love addict idealizes their relationship partner and places them high up on a pedestal- believing they have the power to fulfill their intense desire for love and acceptance. They most often become attached to a love avoidant and/or narcissist.

They fantasize about how the relationship is, how it will be, and how it can be. They believe they are in love, when in fact; they are in "hooked" on a fantasy. Preoccupation, obsession, and infatuation in an addictive relationship become the love addicts identity, their sole purpose in life--, and eventually their demise.

When we look at the nature of other addictions, it is easy to realize a parallel pattern in relation to love addiction. For example, the following pattern generally fits all Addiction/Dependency Patterns.
 

General Addiction and Dependency Patterns (for all addictions)

Altered State of Reality:

Addiction used as an emotional escape; feel alive; Creates an altered state- fantasy, high, euphoria, and relief.

Tolerance:

Diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of behavior, activity, love/attention (person in relationship), substance/drug, etc.; Increased use of dependency/addiction to keep or recapture euphoria, intoxication or desired positive effect.

Preoccupation; Pursuing Behavior:

A great deal of focus and time acquired to attain/keep hold of- behavior, activity, love/attention (person in relationship), substance/drug, etc.

Neglect/Self Abandonment:

Interests, goals, important social, recreational, or outside activities are diminished, ignored, or stopped completely.

Consequences:

The addiction is continued despite ongoing persistent problems from behavior, activity, love/attention (person in relationship), substance/drug, etc- an inability to stop acting out (i.e., letting go of unhealthy/bad relationship).

Despair:

Physical and/or Psychological withdrawal symptoms occur when the addiction is stopped; or when addiction is no longer available (i.e., obsession, fear, panic, anxiety, depression, etc.)

* The LOVE ADDICT in Love Addiction goes into detail about this pattern occurs in love addiction (the addictive relationship cycle)



Many people are often surprised to learn that people can, in fact, become painfully addicted to a person in relationships in the same way they become addicted to drugs, alcohol, or other compulsive behavior's.

There are some people who will argue that addictive love is a "made-up" condition. Their primary argument is that it's not categorized specifically under any mental diagnosis by the DSM-5 (Diagnostic Manual for Mental Health Professionals). "If it's not in the DSM, then the problem does not exist"-- is their thinking.  

 

 

Nevertheless, Love Addiction is well recognized and treated at prominent rehab facilities around from the US and across the globe, as a serious condition that causes undue turmoil, confusion, emotional pain, and chaos in a persons life and relationships.

And at these well-respected treatment center's, the people helping and treating love and relationship addicts are nonetheless Psychologists, Therapists, Counselors, Coaches; Doctors, Nurses... respected and well-trained helping professionals.

For those who currently face or have experienced the pain, obsession, and various symptoms of love addiction-- know all too well how real this problem is.

What makes love addiction so pervasive is that far too many people do not even recognize the obsessive toxic symptoms of love addiction. And if they do, too often there is nowhere to turn for exceptional help, answers, and support.

This is slowly changing-- but yet, countless people still seek help unbeknownst to what's happening to them and why.

They might meet with a local therapist with little if any knowledge of the problem and lack the skills to effectively them recover. This is all too common.

So there are countless people still dealing with this issue who are still lost and left in the dark. 



Love Addiction-- Society and culture of dependent toxic love

 

In Western Society, we get bombarded through media, commercials, magazines, movies, music, etc.) with unhealthy messages of what love, relationships, and intimacy are supposed to look like-- deceiving too many of us with the sick message that the obsessive nature of love addiction is somehow normal.

When so many of us have unknowingly bought into these destructive messages, it, unfortunately, fuels the false hope that another person will make one feel complete and fill an inner void.

Although we have been socialized to think of these obsessions as love, the compelling allure of obsessive attraction lacks real love and the quality of true caring.

Those at high risk for relationship addiction include recovering alcoholics/addicts who use relationships as a form of substitution, and/or individuals who grow up in alcoholic/dysfunctional family systems.

As human beings, we all need relationships. We all need to feel love, and to be loved.

Nevertheless, when we rely on or "need" someone in a relationship solely to feel alive, gain acceptance, a sense of self-worth and validation--- this creates a powerful dependency/addiction leading to ongoing negative consequences; eventually painful relationships, a destroyed sense of self and unhappiness in life.

 

 

If you are dealing with an addictive love relationship - do you ever ask yourself:

"Do I want to continue relationships in love addiction for years to come, or do I truly want to learn a new way of loving; a way of loving that works, that is healthy, real, and authentic, brings me fulfillment and allows me to be me"? Knowing if you do not do something different; that if you do not start making healthy choices as an adult to better take care of yourself- "this unfulfilled path I've been walking will continue on and on and on and on!"

The behavioral and emotional patterns of love addiction are emotionally ingrained --- you cannot will it away, wish it away; but you do have the power to make positive changes by what choices you make from today onward.

As an adult, you have ownership of every choice you make and you are in charge of change, healing, and recovery -- even in the midst of feeling powerless. You can overcome and break your addiction to love.


 

 

 

About the Author: 
Jim Hall MS, is a Love Addiction Specialist, Online Recovery Coach, and Author of 3 Books on Love Addiction and Recovering. As a leading expert, Through his writings and online recovery practice, Jim offers much hope for those struggling with love addiction- to discover a healthy and solid path to break free from obsessive love patterns as well support and guidance to overcome the acute discomfort of breakup love withdrawal.

books about love addiction and recovering.

online recovery coaching for those struggling with love addiction.

 

Learn much more about Love Addiction (the Love Addict) and unravel the crazy-making dynamics of an addictive relationship between the love addict and love avoidant, in my book... The LOVE ADDICT in Love Addiction

 

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